Figure Name symperasma
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; De Mille (1882) ("summary," "conclusion"); Hill (1883) ("summary"); Bullinger (1898) ("symperasma; or, concluding summary")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms athroesmus, concluding summary, summary, conclusion
Etymology Sym' -per-as' -ma "a finishing" or "end" from sun "together with" and peraio "to carry over" or "across"
Type Chroma
Linguistic Domain Lexicographic

1. A conclusion that includes a brief summary of the foregoing. (Silva Rhetoricae)

For the examples above given, it will be seen that transitions from one topic to another refer not only to the introductions of paragraphs, but also to their conclusions. In addition to these, attention must be paid to the general conclusion. And elegant tratement of this requires that it should be neither too formal, nor too abrupt, nor too greatly protracted. The writer who aims to introduce his subject with an attractive ease will seek also to withdraw it in such a way as to leave a pleasing impression. (De Mille)

2 b) 347. SUMMARY.
Summary is often identical with the foregoing. It is sometimes used at the commencement of a history, in order to give a general account of the country treated of. This is admirably done by Macaulay and Froude. It is also extensively used at the close of any period, when the writer finds a halting-place where he can pause for the sake of presenting valuable conclusions before setting forth on another part of the work. (De Mille)

3. (3) Summary.- A condensed summary of a period may be useful in setting events necessarily separated in the progress of the narrative in their proper chronological relations. Such abridgments serve the same purpose as maps after an observation of the ground. (Hill)

4. Addition of Conclusion by way of a brief Summary... is used when what has been said is briefly summed up, and when certain foregoing enumerations are given in brief epitome. (Bullinger, 482)


1. The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;
And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon;
And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;
And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;
And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa;
And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias;
And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias;
And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias;
And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:
And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;
And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor;
And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud;
And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
—Matt 1:1-17 (Silva Rhetoricae)

4. John 20:30.- ["Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book;"] Here is a brief reference to much that is not contained in the whole gospel. (Bullinger, 482)

Kind Of Repetition
Part Of
Related Figures figures of summary, synathroesmus, accumulatio, anacephalaeosis, complexio, epanodos, epiphonema, propositio
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ioanna Malton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No