Figure Name syncrisis
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; JG Smith (1665) ("syncrisis"); Peacham 1593; Bullinger (1898) ("syncrisis; or, repeated simile")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms repeated simile, parenthesis, comparatio
Etymology from Gk. syn, "with" and krinein, "to separate" ("to compare")
Type Rhetorical Strategy
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Comparison and contrast in parallel clauses. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Comparison: a form of speech, which by apt Similitude shews that the example brought in is either like, unlike, or contrary, &c.; SYNCRISIS, Comparatio, a Comparison; derived from [syncrino] comparo, to compare. Syncrisis is a comparison of contrary things and divers persons in one sentence. (JG Smith)

3. Syncrisis, is a comparison of contrary things, & diverse persons in one sentence. (Peacham)

4. Repetition of a number of Resemblances... Hence, Syncrisis is the judging or comparing of one thing with another; and is used of the figure which consists of a repeated SImile, or of more than one, or of a number of separate comparisons used together. (Bullinger, 728)


1. We support the victory; they decry the cost. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. The subtle commit the fault, and the simple bear the blame.

He that prefers wealthy ignorance before chargeable study, prefers contempt before honour, darknesse before light, and death before life. (JG Smith)

3. An example of the holy scripture: “Behold my servants shall eate, and you shall suffer hunger, behold my servants shall drinke, and you shall abide thirst, behold my servants shall rejoyce and you shall you shall be put to shame, behold my servants shal be glad through joy of heart, & you shal cry through sorrow of heart, and waile through contrition of spirit.” Esa.65.13.14. (Peacham)

3. Another of the penitent theefe hanging on the crosse, saying thus: “We are indeed righteously here, for we receive things worthie of that we have done, but this man hath done nothing amisse.” Luc.23.41. (Peacham)

3. Here in this example the guiltie is opposed against the just, and injurie against equitie. (Peacham)

3. Another: The suttle commit the fault, and the simple beare the blame. (Peacham)

3. Many of Salomons Proverbes are compounded and garnished with this exornation: as these and many mo such like: “Wise women uphold their house, but a foolish woman pulleth it downe.” Prov.14.1. (Peacham)

3. A wise sonne maketh a glad father, but an undiscreet sonne is a heavinesse to his mother. (Peacham)

3. “The curse of ye Lord is in the house of the ungodly, but he blesseth the dwellings of the rightuous.” Prov.10.1. (Peacham)

4. Isa. 1:18. -
"Through your sins be as scarlet,
They shall be as white as snow;
Though they be red like crimson,
They shall be as wool."

Isa. 32:2. -"And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land."

Isa. 66:12. -"For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream." (Bullinger, 728)

Kind Of Symmetry
Part Of
Related Figures antithesis, parallelism
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Robert Clapperton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes fixed synonym field, added types of
Reviewed No