Figure Name apodixis
Source Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); JG Smith (1665) ("apodixis"); Peacham (1593); De Mille (1882) ("experience"); Hill (1883) ("experience")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms apodeixis, experientia, experience
Etymology Gk. "a showing forth, exposition;" "capable of demonstration"
Type Chroma
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Proving a statement by referring to common knowledge or general experience. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Demonstration or evident proof. Apodixis, Demonstratio & evidens probatio, Demonstration or evident proof derived from [apodeiknumi] rationibus seu argumentis demonstro, aut probo, evidently to shew or prove. A form of speech by which the Orator or speaker grounds his saying upon general experience: it differs from (the next figure) Martyria in this that in Martyria, the Speaker confirms what he saith by the Testimony of his own knowledge; in this he infers his reason and confirmation from known principles, which experience proves, and no man can deny. (JG Smith)

3. Apodixi in Latine Experientia, and evidens probatio, is a forme of speech by which the Orator groundeth his saying upon generall and common experience, it differeth from Martyria in this, that in Martyria the Orator confirmeth his saying by the testimony of his owne knowledge, in this he inferreth his reason, and confirmation from knowen principles, which experience doth prove and no man can deny. (Peacham)

(1) Experience.
This is a kind of argument which is based upon facts in our own experience, or that of other men. (De Mille)

5. Experience.
Another class of particular conditions which should be studied by the rhetorician may be designated by the general name Experience. This is meant to include such personal preparation as education, occupation, political privilege, and general familiarity with the subject discussed. (Hill)


3. An example of Paul the Apostle: “Be not deceived, God is not mocked, for whatsoever a man soweth that shal he also reape.” Gal.6.7. (Peacham)

3. Another of Bildal the Shuite: Can a rush grow without mire, or the grasse grow without water? (Peacham)

3. Another of Salomon: Can a man take fire in his bosome, and his clothes not be burnt: or can a man go upon coles, and his feet not be burnt? Here in these two examples taken from the experience of Nature, are the reasons of their conclusions grounded. (Peacham)

3. Another of the Prophet David: They that go downe to the sea in ships, and occupy thier businesse in great waters, they see the workes of the Lord, and his wonders in the deepe. (Peacham)

2. Trust not an horses heel, nor a dogges tooth.

Fire and water have no mercy. (JG Smith)

Kind Of
Part Of
Related Figures figures of moderation, martyria
Notes "To this place do belong many Proverbs and common sayings which are taken from generall proofe and experience, hence is this saying: Trust not a horses heele, nor a dogs tooth. And likewise this: Fire and water have no mercy. Briefly the greatest part of all notable sayings and common Proverbs were first framed uppon experience, and are still supported by it: among which there are diverse in meeter as this here following and many such like: I have heard my father say and eke my mother sing. There is no fishing to the sea, nor service to the king. Which saying is proved most true by the experiene of all time." (Peacham)
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Samantha Price
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes Related to the philosophical notion of apodeixis, the most robust forms of knowledge for Aristotle, because apodictic claims were those which could be logically demonstrated. JG Smith uses the same examples and definition as Peacham -Nike
Reviewed No