|Source||Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); Peacham (1593); Bullinger (1898) ("epicrisis; or, judgment")|
|Synonyms||adiudicatio, adjudicatio, judgment|
|Etymology||Gk. epi- “upon” and krisis “decision, judgment”|
1. When a speaker quotes a certain passage and makes comment upon it. (Silva Rhetoricae)
2. Epicrisis in latine Adjudicatio, is a forme of speech by which the Orator reciting a sentence or saying of some Authour, addeth and delivereth his opinion or judgement upon it, and that either in the priase or dispraise of it, or in giving light to it, which is best performed in a short addition.
In praise, as when the Orator having recited some notable saying of an Author worthie of observation, he addeth his commendation to it, commending it for the excellency, in respect of the wisedome, equitie, holinesse, comfort, pleasantnesse, or profit contained in it. In dispraise, as when the orator delivereth his judgement upon a saying which seemeth to him evill, and worthie of that note, dispraising it in the respect of the folly, iniquitie, prophanesse, untruth, or absurditie which it containeth.
In giving light to it, as when the orator perceiving ye words, or sentence of an Author to be obscure or ambiguous to his hearer, sheweth his knowledge judgement or opinion upon it, wherby he maketh that plain and evident, which was before darke and hard to be understood. (Peacham)
3. Addition of Conclusion by way of Deduction... It is a short sentence added at the end by way of an additional conclusion, other and more than has been already stated: not necessary to the sense of it, but as showing that there is something more and something deeper than what lies on the surface. (Bullinger, 476)
2. An example of our Saviour Christ, saying: “Ye have heared that it was sayd to them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery, but I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her alreadie in his heart.” Mar.5.27 (Peacham)
3. John 1:24. -The sentence, "And they which were sent were of the Pharisees," is added to remind us of the fact that the Pharisees made a great point of Baptism; which compelled them therefore to acknowledge the baptism of John to be a matter of great importance. (Bullinger, 476)
|Related Figures||anamenesis, chreia, figures of moderation|
|Last Editor||Ioanna Malton|