Figure Name anacoenosis
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; Melanch. IR c8r ("communicatio" "anacoenosis"); Sherry (1550) 55 ("anacinosis," "communicacio," "communicacion"); Peacham (1577) M2r; Putt. (1589) 235 ("anachinosis," "the impartener"); JG Smith (1665) ("anacoenosis"); Gibbons (1767) 163 ("anacoenosis"); Macbeth (1876); Holmes (1806) ("anacoenosis"); De Mille (1882); Bullinger (1898) ("anacoenosis; or, common cause"); Johnson (1903) ("anacoenosis"); Norwood (1742) ("anacoenosis")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms anakoinoun, anachinosis, communicacio, the impartener, common cause, anacenosis, communicatio, symboulesis, communication
Etymology from Gk. anakoinoun, "to communicate" from ana "up" and koinoun "to make common" from koinos "common"
Type Chroma
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Asking the opinion or judgement of the judges or audience, usually implying their common interest with the speaker in the matter. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Communication: a figure whereby we consult, and as it were argue the case with others. Anacoenosis, Communicatio, Communication, or an imparing a thing to another; derived from, [ana] with, and [coinoo] communico, to communicate unto another.Anacoenosis is a figure whereby we consult with, deliberate, and as it were argue the case with others.

This form of speech is elegantly used with such as are (1) Dead: (2) with the Judge: (3) with the Hearers: (4) with the Opponent:(5) with such as are absent: (6) with sensitive or inanimate things. (JG Smith)

3. Anacenosis is a forme of speech by which the Orator formeth to aske counsell of his adversary, or to deliberate with the Judges what is to be done, or what ought to have bene done.

4. "a Figure by which the speaker applies to his hearers or opponents for their opinion upon the point in debate; or when a person excuses his conduct, gives reasons for it, and appeals to those about him whether they are not satisfactory." (Gibbons)

5. Anacrenosis is the applying to an opponent,
or to the hearer for his opinion. (Macbeth)

6. Anacoenosis tries another's mind, The better counsel of a friend to find. (Holmes)

Closely connected with this is another device, consisting of a consultation with the audience, or confidential remarks. (De Mille)

8. An Appeal to others as having interests in Common... A Figure by which a speaker appeals to his opponents for their opinion, as having a common interest in the matter in question: as, "If the case were yours, how would you act?" or "What do you think about it?" or "What would you say?" (Bullinger, 933)

9. Anacsno'sis.—This figure of rhetoric (sometimes called Communication) consists in the turn of a discourse or argument whereby the speaker appeals directly to his hearers for an opinion or acknowledgment of the justice of his claim or proposition, or of a supposititious case assumed to be analogous to the one under consideration. It might be described briefly by the familiar phrase, "Put yourself in his place." (Johnson, 24)

10. ANACOENOSIS. Anacoenosis, from the Greek, (ana, and koinoo,) to communicate with others. This Figure teacheth us to advise, deliberate, or argue with others concerning the expediency of our actions. (Norwood, 95)


1. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What could I have done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? —Isaiah 5:3-4 (Silva Rhetoricae)

1. Now I ask you to decide: Given the persecution my client has undergone, does he not deserve to have some justifiable anger? (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Were it your case, what would you answer? Tell me, I appeal to your inmost thoughts. (JG Smith)
3. An example of Cicero: What should I have done Judges, for I know I needed not your helpe there, but you in a maner mine, should I have contended with private weapons against the people's Tribune? (Peacham)

3. Another example of Esay: “To whom will you liken God? Or what similitude will you set up unto him? shall the carver make him a carved image? or shal the Goldsmith cover him with gold?” Esay. 40. (Peacham)

3. Another of the Apostle Paul: “This would I learne of you, received ye the spirit by the workes of the law, or by hearing of faith preached?” Gallat 3. (Peacham)

4. "...we shall find it also in Poetry; as where Virgil, in his Pastoral, introduces Tityrus as saying, 'What could I do? No other way appear'd / To lead to liberty: nor could I find / A God like him so present to my aid.'" (Gibbons)

5. Dr. Griffin thus asks the audience to decide:
"Say now, pronounce, is not the object worthy of all the means employed for its attainment? Do you hesitate? Look, and think again." (Macbeth)

6. Were it your case, what would you do? (Holmes)

7. In this passage the orator refers the question to the jury, and calls for their decision upon it.
"Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to offer on the subject? Nothing." - PATRICK HENRY. (De Mille)

8. Isa. 5:3, 4. -"And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What could I have done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it?" etc. (Bullinger, 933)

9. An extended example of this figure occurs in the Second Part of Shakespeare's King Henry IV, Act V, Scene 2, where the Chief Justice addresses a long speech to King Henry V, justifying himself in imprisoning Henry (when he was a prince) for striking the Justice when he was performing the duties of his office and acting for the King. If my deed was ill, he argues, then you, being now King, must be content when a son sets your decrees at naught.

Question your royal thoughts, make the case yours;
Be now the father, and propose a son:
Hear your own dignity so much profaned,
See your most dreadful laws so loosely slighted.
Behold yourself so by a son disdained;
And then imagine me taking your part,
And, in your power, soft silencing your son.
After this cold considerance, sentence me;
And, as you are a king, speak in your state,
What I have done that misbecame my place.
My person, or my liege's sovereignty. (Johnson, 24-25)

10. Phil. 1. 22, 23, 24. What I shall chuse, I wot not, for I am in a strait between two, having a desire to depart, and to be with the Christ, which is far better; nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you. How is our Apostle here very dubious and wavering in his mind? Sometimes he debates within himself his own particular profit, and presently concludes, it was highly advantageous for him to die and to be with his dear Saviour. And sometimes also he considers the good and benefit of the Church, which seems yet to require his more immediate care and personal presence; and thus what was so expedient to his private interest, was very inconsistent with the public safety and prosperity of the Christian Church. And these thoughts, and these considerations sway his inclinations here, and there, to the great distractions of his mind. (Norwood, 95-96)

Kind Of Repetition
Part Of
Related Figures communicatio, synchoresis, epitrope, figures of ethos, figures of speech and audience, rhetorical questions, figures of consultation
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ioanna Malton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No