Figure Name parechesis
Source JG Smith (1665) ("parechesis"); Holmes (1806) ("parachesis," "parechesis"); Macbeth (1876) ("allusion"); De Mille (1882) ("allusion," "historical allusion," "literary allusion"); Bullinger (1898) ("parechesis; or, foreign paronomasia")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms allusion, parachesis, foreign paronomasia
Etymology None
Type Trope
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Allusion: a figure when we bring in something of anothers to another intent then his own.; PARECHESIS, allusio, allusion, or a resembling of one thing to another: derived from [parecheo] sono assimilis sum, to resemble, or allude unto. Parechesis is a figure when we bring in something of anothers to another intent then his own: or: When the allusion of words is to be searched after in another language or speech then in that wherein the Author wrote. (JG Smith)

2. A Parachesis syllables sets twice; But this, except to poets, is a vice. (Holmes)

3. Allusion is one of the most interesting usages of speech; very wide in the range it can take. Here, various reading of many an author triumphs, and extensive knowledge; as Milton's great epic proves. A writer can thus avail himself of all his information; he can ennoble a common subject, or insinuate what he may not wish to declare in plain words; he can electrify our flagging attention by a delicate reference to some renowned event or great person or beautiful idea, embalmed in the deepest memory of all educated minds. (Macbeth)

4 a) 118. ALLUSION.
Allusion may be defined as the reference to some familiar event in the past, or the appropriation of familiar words from some well-known author, for purposes of explanation or illustration. This figure is based upon the idea of similarity, and may be presented in three modes:
I. The direct allusion; as-
"The patience of Job is proverbial."
2. The allusion of comparison; as-
"Like Alexander, he wept because he had no more worlds to conquer."
"Like the musician at Alexander's feast, it can raise a mortal to the skies; but, like St. Cecilia, it can also bring an angel down."
3. The allusion by metaphor; as-
"He was the Achilles of the war."
"They made him their scapegoat." (De Mille)

There are two kinds of allusion; first, the historical; and, secondly, the literary.
I. The historical allusion:
The allusion is said to be historical when reference is made to any well-known event or character in the past. It may
I. To history; as-
" Like rigid Cincinnatus, nobly poor."
2. To fiction; as-
"Lady Macbeth is the Clytemnestra of the modem drama."
3. To anecdote, fable, etc.; as-
"Like the ass between two bundles of hay."
" A dog-in-the-manger policy." (De Mille)

2. Literary allusion is the appropriation of familiar words from some well-known author, for purposes of explanation or illustration:

"It may be said of him that he came, he saw, he conquered"
"He has fallen into the sere and yellow leaf."
"He has gone to that bourne from which no traveller returns."
"I'm sitting here waiting for the train, like Patience on a monument, and mean to let Patience have her perfect work." (De Mille)

8. The Repetition of Words similar in Sound, but different in Language... Parechesis is a Paronomasia, when the repeated words of similar are in another tongue. (Bullinger, 339)


1. I may say of flatterers, as Tacitus of Courtiers: They speak more readily with the Princes fortune then himself.

We may say of Providence, as Ovid of the Sun, It sees all things, and by it all things on earth are govern'd.

I may say of an ill conscience, as Socrates of a wandering traveller, It is no wonder if it be out of temper, when it hath it's self for its companion. (JG Smith)

2. Liberty begets Mischief chiefly. (Holmes)

3. Observe what a sublime allusion in the subjoined couplet of Pope's:
"Nature and Nature's laws lay hid in night:
God said, 'Let Newton be !' and all was light." (Macbeth)

8. Matt. 3:9. -"God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham." Here there is no Paronomasia either in the Greek of the English, but there is in the Hebrew though. Hence, these would be this Parechesis:- abanim, "stones." banim, "children"
"God is able of these "abanim" to raise up "banim" unto Abraham." (Bullinger, 340)

Kind Of Similarity
Part Of
Related Figures metaphor
Notes This term does not appear in Silva Rhetoricae and there isn't an entry in the OED.
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ioanna Malton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes Changed Type Of from Opposition to Similarity - Nike
Reviewed No