Figure Name paromologia
Source Day 1599 96 ("paramologia"); Putt. (1589) 235 ("paramologia," "the figure of admittance"); Silva Rhetoricae (; Peacham (1593); Macbeth (1876) ("concession," "paramologia," "synchoresis," "permission"); De Mille (1882) ("concession," "confession"); Bullinger (1898) ("paromologia; or, confession")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms paramologia, concessio, confessio, the figure of admittance, confession, concession
Etymology Gk. para, "alongside" and homologia, "agreement" ("partial agreement")
Type Chroma
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Admitting a weaker point in order to make a stronger one. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Paramologia, of some called Paralogia, it is when the speaker granteth many things to his adversary worthie of commendation, and at the length bringeth in some notable crime, which oppresseth and quencheth all that was granted before. (Peacham)

3. Concession; Paramologia; Synchoresis, or Permission, is the granting of all or of much that an opponent can advance, and then overbalancing all this by decisive considerations, rendered still more decisive by the very concessions that have been made. (Macbeth)

4 a) 508. CONCESSION.
Concessions are very often used with good effect. By these the speaker admits to a certain extent the arguments of his opponent, but the admission is only made in order that he may bring forward his own with greater force. (De Mille)

4 b) 509. CONFESSION.
Sometimes the concession is more strongly put forward and assumes the character of a confession, as in the following examples:
"I feel in the strongest manner how very formidable an adversary I have to encounter in the right honorable gentleman opposite-formidable from his talents, formidable from the influence of his situation; but still more formidable from having once been friendly to the cause, and, becoming its determined opponent, drawing off others from the standard." -LORD GREY. (De Mille)

5. A Concession in Argument to gain Favour... This Figure is used when we acknowledge some fault or wrong with a view to gain favour. (Bullinger, 936)


1. Yes, I may have been a petty thief, but I am no felon. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Cicero for Flaccus: Notwithstanding this I say concerning the whole nation of the Greekes, I grant unto them learning, I grant unto them the knowledge of many Artes, I take not from them the comely grace of speech, fine wittes, singular eloquence. And futhermore, if they challenge unto themselves any other thing, I will not deny it them, yet religion and faith that nation never favoured, what vertue, what authoritie, what waight there is of all this matter, they know not. (Peacham)

2. Also it is by this gifure when the speaker in his conclusion bringeth in that whcih was not looked for, or that which is contrary, or at least farre distant from the premises. As for example, Salomon rehearseth the partes of his felicitie, he mentioneth his riches, possessions, sumptuous buildings & pleasures: but suddenly he concludeth that all this is but vanitie and vexation of spirit. This conclusion commeth unlooked for, and verie unlike to have ensued such premises, the expectation tendeth rather to heare what felicitie followed all this wealth and great possession: and not what vanitie or vexation of sprit. (Peacham)

2. The like example of this manner of speaking is in the 21. of Job, where he first describeth the prosperitie of the wicked, and then concludeth that suddenly they go downe to the grave. (Peacham)

3. "The poorest man in his cottage may bid defiance to all the forces of the Crown. It may be frail; its roof may shake; the wind may blow through it; the storm may enter it; but the King of England can not enter it. All his power dares not cross the threshold of that ruined tenement."
- William Pitt (Macbeth)

Kind Of Opposition
Part Of
Related Figures concessio, figures of reasoning, figures of amplification, synchoresis
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ioanna Malton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No