Figure Name vision
Source Jamieson (1844) 188; Raub (1888) 213; Kellog (1880) ("vision")
Earliest Source
Type Scheme
Linguistic Domain Syntactic

1. "Vision, another figure of speech, proper only in animated and warm compositions, is produced when, instead of relating something that is past, we use the present tense of the verb, and describe an action or event as actually passing before our eyes." (Jamieson)

2. "Vision is a figure which represents past events or imaginary objects and scenes as if actually present to the senses. It is sometimes called imagery." (Raub)

orations and in all discourse where energy is sought, while most of the sentences may be declarative and imperative, not all should be. A question should now and then break in upon the monotony of assertion, denial, or command; at least in form those present should be asked to take part in the discussion. Breaking up routine, and conciliating the good will of those addressed by this show of respect to their the subject thus brought home to them and made personal takes on in their eyes additional importance and interest. This interest becomes intense if reply follows question-the speaker answering for his auditors, real or supposed, and carrying on a lively dialogue between himself and them, whom he may picture as denying, objecting, querying, or assenting. If the is highly with feeling, this, as
in earnest will now and then itself in bursts of exclamation, and we shall have the exclamatory sentence side side with the declarative, the
imperative, and the interrogative. In impassioned narration and description, one may even drop the preterit of verbs and speak of the past as actually enacting under his vision and within his present knowledge. (Kellog, 156)


1. "Thus Cicero, in his fourth oration against Catiline, pictures to his mind the execution of the conspiracy: 'I seem to myself to behold this city, the ornament of the earth, and the capital of all nations, suddenly involved in one conflagration. I see before me the slaughtered heaps of citizens, lying unburied in the midst of their ruined country. The furious countenance of Cethegus rises to my view, while, with a savage joy, he is triumphing in your miseries.'" (Jamieson)

2. "Caesar leaves Gaul, crosses the Rubicon, and enters Italy." (Raub)

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Part Of
Related Figures
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ioanna Malton
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No