Figure Name ploce
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; Peacham (1577); Puttenham (1589); Day (1599); Garrett Epp (1994) ("conduplicatio," "anadiplosis"); JG Smith (1665) ("ploce"); Macbeth (1876); Holmes (1806) ("ploce"); De Mille (1882); Bullinger (1898) ("ploce; or, word-folding"); Norwood (1742) ("ploce"); Vickers (1989) ("ploche")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms ploche, ploke, conduplicatio, diaphora, doubler, anadiplosis, word-folding
Etymology Gk. plokee, a "fold" or "plait," from plekein, "to twine, twist, weave, or braid"
Type Scheme
Linguistic Domain Lexicographic

1. The repetition of a single word for rhetorical emphasis. Ploce is a general term and has sometimes been used in place of more specific terms such as polyptoton (when the repetition involves a change in the form of the word) or antanaclasis (when the repetition involves a change in meaning). (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Ploce is a forme of speech by which a proper name being repeated, signifieth another thing. (Peacham)

3. Post-classical Latin ploce repetition of the same word in a different sense (5th cent.; in classical Latin (Quintilian) as a Greek word). Ancient Greek anything twisted or woven, web, in Hellenistic Greek also used of rhetorical figures. (OED)

4. Repetition of one or more words for amplification or pity. (Garrett Epp)

5. Binding together, or a continuation without interruption: a figure when a word is by way of emphasis so repeated, that it denotes not only the thing signified, but the quality of the thing, &c.; PLOCE, nexus, contextus, binding together, or a continuation without interruption: derived from [pleco] necto, to knit or bind together. A figure when a word is by way of Emphasis so repeated, that it denotes not only the thing signified, but the quality of the thing: Hereby the proper name of any man well known, being repeated, signifies the nature and permanent quality of the man, whose name it is. (JG Smith)

6. Ploce is the repetition of the same word in a different sense, but implying more than in the first statement; of which Lord Chatham, that soul of eloquence, gives a felicitous example:
"Oliver Cromwell, who astonished mankind by his intelligence, did not derive it from spies in the cabinet of every prince in Europe; he drew it from the cabinet of his own sagacious mind. He observed facts, and traced them forward to their consequences." (Macbeth)

7. By Ploce we a proper name repeat; Yet as a common noun the latter treat. (Holmes)

8. 183. PLOCE.
Ploce is the repetition of the same word under different forms or with different meanings in the same sentence. It often refers to the repetition of proper names: as-
"I love and honor Epaminondas; but I do not with to be Epaminondas." -EMERSON. (De Mille)

9. As in Antanaclasis, the same word is repeated in a different sense. Only with Ploce that sense implies more than the first use of it. It often expresses a property or attribute of it. (Bullinger, 304)

10. PLOCE. Ploce, derived from the Greek (pleko,) to bind together. This Figure pronounceth a word so emphatically, that it denotes not only the thing signified, but also the very quality of it; thus it is no unusual thing to repeat the proper name of a man, to express some remarkable virtue belonging to him; as we may say, in that action Alexander was Alexander, that is, a mighty conqueror. (Norwood, 73)

11. Ploche (or conduplicatio, diaphora),the repetition of the same word or words. (Vickers 497)


2. Yet at that day Memmius was Memmius, in the first place Memmius is the proper name of a man, but in the second, it signifieth his manners, which were well knowne. (Peacham)

2. In that great victorie Caesar was Caesar, that is, a mercifull conquerer. (Peacham)

2. Cicero continued Cicero unto the day of his death, meaning, a lover of his countrey, and a most faithfull patrone of the common wealth. (Peacham)

4. O villain, villain, smiling, damned villain! (Hamlet 1.5 qtd. in Garrett Epp)

5. Bread is bread indeed to a hungry, stomach. (JG Smith)

7. In that Victory Caesar was Caesar, i.e. a most serene Conqueror. (Holmes)

9. Judges 11:40. -"The daughters of Israel went from days to days to talk with the daughter of Jephtah the Gileadite four days in a year." Here, "days" is first used by Syncedoche for a year (ie. year to year), and afterwards literally for days of twenty-four hours ("four days"). (Bullinger, 305)

10. Gen. 27. 36. Is he not rightly called, Jacob, faith Esau, for he hath supplanted me these two times. (Norwood, 73)

11. Music to hear, why hear'st thou music sadly?
Sweets with sweets war not, joy delights in joy.
--Shakespeare, "Sonnet 8" (Vickers 497)

Kind Of Repetition
Part Of Delivery
Related Figures polyptoton, antanaclasis, figures of repetition
Notes Peacham says that ploce repeats a proper name and diaphora "common" words. Peacham also notes that it is important to ensure that the person's name and character are well known, otherwise the figure will fail to make sense. Additionally, with respect to the use of the figure, he notes that it is "pleasant for the brevitie" (Peachman "ploce"). Garrett Epp put a question mark after "anadiplosis" as synonym (like "anadiplosis?"). I'm not sure if this should go into synonym but I added it on the list for now. -nayoung
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Daniel Etigson
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes Would a Type Of related to "brevity" be useful? It seems to me that a lot of figures might be used to this end. -ark: Perhaps "Delivery". - Nike. Also, I thought that there might be some "identity" involved in Peacham's definition of ploce. And I added "semantic" to LD because, to my understanding, Peacham's definition would rely on this LD most. -ark
Reviewed No