Figure Name redundancy
Source Hill (1883); Waddy (1889)
Earliest Source
Type Scheme
Linguistic Domain Morphological

1. 2. Redundancy.
Redundancy has no excuse: A word which does not contribute to unfold the meaning increase uselessly the friction of the interpreting machinery. Thus Addison says, “If he happens to have an leisure upon his hands.” Here “upon his hands” is not only unnecessary, but even suggests a ludicrous idea to one who thinks of “leisure upon the hands.” The most common forms of redundancy are those in which the expletives “there” and “being” are used; as, “There is no one who can,” for “No one can;” and “Being convinced of this,” for “Convinced of this.” (Hill)

2. (1) By redundancy, or the use of words that the sense does not require.
Redundancy is most likely to show itself in the use of adjectives. These words are usually descriptive, and hence serve to enrich style, but when used in excess they over-burden the sentence. It is well to strike out such words as "very," "stupendous," "inexpressible," "magnificent," "unprecedented," etc., whenever they are not strictly required. (Waddy)


1. The use of 'epithets' is common form of redundancy. In speaking of any thing which has a particular color as an essential attribute, as snow, it is an offense to the intelligence to say the "white snow." (Hill)

1. "In poetry," says Aristotle, "it is becoming enough to say, 'white milk;' in prose, however, it is rather bad taste." - Rhetoric, Book III, Chap. iii. 3. (Hill)

Kind Of Repetition
Part Of
Related Figures synonymia, tautologia, epitheton
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Samantha Price
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No