|Source||Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); Garrett Epp (1994) ("divisio," "prosapodosis"); Ad Herennium ("division") (361); De Mille (1882); Blount (1653) 41; Bullinger (1898) ("prosapodosis; or, detailing"); Johnson (1903) ("apodosis")|
|Synonyms||divisio, detailing, reditio, redditio, sejugatio, disjunctio, diezeugmenon, apodosis|
|Etymology||Gr. pros "to" and apodosis "a giving back" (from apodidomi "to give back, return")|
1. Providing a reason for each division of a statement, the reasons usually following the statement in parallel fashion. (Silva Rhetoricae)
2. Distinguishing the alternatives of a question, and resolving each, by subjoining a reason. (Garrett Epp)
3. Division separates the alternatives of a question and resolves each by means of a reason subjoined. (Ad Herennium)
4. 84. PROSAPODOSIS.
5. "[the second part of division] is PROSOPODOSIS, that overthrows no part of the Division, but returns some part to each member." (Blount)
6. A Returning for Repetition and Explanation... [see Etymology] The figure is so called because after the mention of two or three words or subjects together, there is a return to them again, and they are repeated separately for purposes of definition or explanation. (Bullinger, 422)
7. Apod'osis.—In a sentence that is made up of dependent clauses, those that set forth the conditions form the protasis, and those that state the resulting conclusion form the apodosis. (Johnson, 37)
2. If we do meet again, why, we shall smile;
3. "Why should I now reproach you in any way ? If you are an upright man, you have not deserved reproach ; if a wicked man, you will be unmoved." (Ad Herennium)
3. "Why should I now boast of my deserts ? If you remember them, I shall weary you; if you have forgotten them, I have been ineffective in action, and therefore what could I effect by words? (Ad Herennium)
3. " There are two things which can urge men to illicit gain : poverty and greed. That you were greedy in the division with your brother we know, that you are poor and destitute we
4. This is called "prosapodosis:"
5. "Heretofore I accused the Sea, condemned the Pyrats, and hated my evil fortune, that deprived me of thee: But now thy self art the Sea, thy self the Pyrat, and thy will the evil fortune. Time at one instant seeming short and long to them; short in the pleasingness of such presence, and long in stay of their desires. Your silence must carry with it a construction of contempt, unkindness or displeasure. If you take me not for your friend, you offer unkindness; if you deem me unworthy of an answer, it proceeds of contempt; if your passion defers a reply, it argues displeasure." (Blount)
6. John 16:8-11. -"And when he is come, he will reprove (mar., convince) the world of sin, and righteousness, and judgment:-
When all the world's a dream to us, we'll go to sea no more.
The first clause is the protasis (or foresaying), and the second is the apodosis (or aftersaying). Loose habits of speech often result in the utterance of an elaborate or involved protasis, with omission of the apodosis. When the interlocutor says, " That being so, what of it ? " he is simply asking the speaker to supply the apodosis that should go with his protasis. Sometimes a speaker produces a strong effect by purposely omitting an apodosis or by uttering an unexpected one. A good instance is furnished by Patrick Henry's speech in 1765, in which
|Kind Of||Repetition Symmetry Series|
|Related Figures||aetiologia, apophasis, enthymeme, ratiocinatio, figures of division, antithesis|
|Notes||Unsure of 'type of'|
|Last Editor||Ioanna Malton|