Figure Name paragoge
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; Isidore 1.35.3; Mosellanus ("proparalepsis" "paragoge") a3r; Susenbrotus (1540) 21 ("paragoge," "diductio"); Sherry (1550) 27 ("proparalepsis," "preassumpcio"); Wilson (1560) 202 ("adding at the end"); Peacham (1577) E2v ; JG Smith (1665) ("paragoge"); Macbeth (1876); Holmes (1806) ("paragoge")
Earliest Source None
Synonyms proparalepsis, preassumpcio, diductio, adding at the end, annexation
Etymology from para "beyond" and goge "carrying"
Type Scheme
Linguistic Domain Orthographic

1. The addition of a lettter or syllable to the end of a word. A kind of metaplasm. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Production, or lengthening: a figure when a letter or syllable is added to the end of a word.; Paragoge productio, a making long. Paragoge is a figure when a letter or syllable is added to the end of a word. (JG Smith)

3. Annexation, or Paragoge, the contrast to end-cut, is the putting of a letter or letters to the end of a word, as withouten for without. (Macbeth)

4. A Paragoge adds unto the end; Yet, not the sense, but measure to amend. (Holmes)


1. Addition of a final letter:
In Love's Labour's Lost Holofernes parodies this figure. Both "sore" and "sorel" named kinds of deer. By adding an "L" [= 50 in Roman numerals] through paragoge, he makes "50" deer:
If sore be sore, then L to sore makes fifty sores o' sorel
—Shakespeare, Love's Labour's Lost 4.2.59-61

Addition of a final syllable:
When "slack" becomes "slacken" without any change of meaning. (Silva Rhetoricae)

3. In Milton's supremely beautiful word "eremite," for hermit, he deftly gives us in one fine creation an aphaeresis, a paragoge, and an epenthesis: a front-cut of the h; an insertion in the second e; an annexation in the final e. (Macbeth)

3. Sir John Suckling, a poet very minor indeed, was ridiculed as follows by a contemporary knight, Sir John Mennis, wherein annexation lubricates the fun:

"Sir John he got him an ambling nag,
To Scotland for to ride-a,
With a hundred men, all his own he swore,
To guard him on every side-a." (Macbeth)

4. Chicken, for chick. (Holmes)

Kind Of
Part Of
Related Figures metaplasm, apocope, prothesis, epenthesis, figures of etymology
Notes Paragoge appears as a synonym in the main list. - Nike This could be a type of "Addition" - Nike
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Nayoung Hong
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No