Figure Name proclees
Source Silva Rhetoricae (; Peacham (1593)
Earliest Source None
Synonyms provocatio
Etymology None
Type Chroma
Linguistic Domain Semantic

1. Challenging one's adversary. (Silva Rhetoricae)

2. Proclesis in latine Provocatio, is a forme of speech by which the Orator provoketh his adversary to the conflict of the controversie, and that either by a vehement accusation, or by a confident offer of justication. (Peacham)


2. By accusation, this of Eliphaz provoking Job, may be an example: “Is it for feare of thee that I wil accuse thee, or go with thee into judgement? Is not thy wickednesse great? and thine ungratious deeds abhominable? for thou hast taken the pledge from thy brother for nought, and spoyled the clothes of the naked.” Job.22. (Peacham)

2. Another example of Elihu: “If thou canst give me answer, prepare thy self and stand before me, here Elihu provoketh Job without accusation.” Job.33.5. (Peacham)

2. By offer of justification, this example of Christ is very effectuall, where he saith: “Which of you can rebuke me of sinne>” John.8. (Peacham)

2. Another of Josephs brethren: “with whomsoever of thy servants it be found let him die, and we also will be my Lords servants.” Gen.44.9. (Peacham)

Kind Of Opposition
Part Of
Related Figures figures of exclamation
Notes Chose 'opposition' for 'type of' because the figure is opposing the adversary -- is this applied in the correct sense?
Confidence Unconfident
Last Editor Ashley Rose Kelly
Confidence Unconfident
Editorial Notes
Reviewed No